A turbocharger (or a turbo) is used in internal combustion engines to boost power output by compressing air entering the combustion chamber. It consists of a turbine and a compressor connected by a shaft. The exhaust gas from the engine powers the turbine, which spins the compressor and forces more air into the chamber. This allows more fuel to be burned, increasing engine power and efficiency.

At Central Diesel, we specialize in fuel injection, diesel engines, and turbochargers. Our comprehensive repair services include cost-effective complete factory replacements, cartridge replacements, and housing repairs and replacements. We also offer a 14-month warranty with unlimited miles or hours covered as long as the unit is maintained to factory standards.

Working Principles of Turbochargers

Click to ExpandDiesel Engine Turbocharger Assembly

Turbochargers are a cost-effective alternative for increasing engine power and efficiency. They operate on the following principles:

Exhaust Gas-Driven

Turbocharger assemblies harness the kinetic energy contained within the high-temperature exhaust gases expelled from the engine during combustion. Instead of allowing this energy to dissipate into the atmosphere, they capture it and convert it into useful work to enhance engine performance.

Turbine and Compressor

Turbos consist of two primary components: the turbine and the compressor. The turbine is placed within the exhaust stream and is driven by the flow of exhaust gases. Meanwhile, the compressor located on the engine’s intake side — is connected to the turbine via a common shaft.

Air Compression

The exhaust gases impart rotational energy to the turbine, forcing it to spin at high speeds. Next, this motion is routed through the shaft to the compressor. The component then pulls ambient air, compresses it, and delivers it to the engine’s intake manifold at high pressure and density levels.

Boost Control

Turbochargers typically incorporate boost control systems to optimize engine performance under varying operating conditions. This regulates the amount of boost pressure the compressor generates, adjusting it based on speed, load, and driver input.

Intercooler (Optional)

Some turbocharged engines feature an intercooler, which is a heat exchanger placed between the compressor outlet and the intake manifold. This component lowers the temperature of the compressed air before it enters the engine, improving its density and increasing the oxygen content.

Enhanced Features

Turbochargers have evolved to become more efficient, incorporating advanced elements and features to optimize performance. Here are some of the most notable turbo types and innovations:

  • Wastegate turbochargers: These feature a wastegate mechanism that controls the amount of exhaust gas flow to the turbine, regulating boost pressure and preventing over-boost.
  • Turbo compounding turbochargers: These utilize additional turbines connected to the engine crankshaft to recover energy from exhaust gases.
  • Two-stage turbochargers:These employ two sets of turbines and compressors, often arranged in series, to provide sequential boosting.
  • Variable geometry turbochargers (VGT): These feature adjustable turbine vanes or nozzles, allowing for optimized airflow characteristics.
  • Electronic control turbochargers: These have electronic actuators and sensors to control turbocharging operation, optimizing performance and emissions.
  • Actuation, sensor turbochargers: These use advanced actuation mechanisms and sensors to monitor and adjust parameters such as boost pressure and turbine speed.
  • High-pressure turbochargers: These are designed to withstand higher boost pressures, enabling them to deliver increased air intake.

Benefits of Turbochargers in Diesel Engines

diesel engine turbocharger assembly

Discussed below are the key advantages of a turbocharger in diesel engines:

  • Fuel efficiency: Turbos improve fuel efficiency in diesel engines by maximizing the combustion process through increased air intake, allowing for efficient fuel consumption.
  • Improved performance: Turbos enhance the overall performance of diesel engines by providing additional power without needing larger engine sizes, resulting in better acceleration.
  • Higher torque output: Turbochargers significantly increase torque output in diesel engines, particularly at low engine speeds, improving overall drivability.
  • Better towing capabilities: With increased torque output, diesel engines with turbochargers offer superior towing capabilities, allowing them to handle heavier loads more effectively.
  • Environmental friendliness: Turbocharged diesel engines produce fewer emissions per unit of power output than naturally aspirated ones, contributing to environmental friendliness.

Choose Central Diesel for High-Quality Turbocharger Assemblies

At Central Diesel, we have the latest tools and knowledge to deliver top-notch engine solutions tailored to the needs of each client. Whether it is a complete overhaul, precision repair, or routine maintenance, we approach every task with a commitment to achieving optimal performance. We also prioritize customer satisfaction, offering transparent communication, competitive pricing, and timely service.

Contact us or request a quote to get started.